California Ag Mechanics Tool ID Manual

Table of Contents | End

Hand Axe:Used for sharpening stakes, cutting small limbs or brush. Also used to drive in small stakes, grade stakes, and corner stakes. The hand axe is similar to the single bit axe but smaller. The handle is 16 to 18 inches long.
(Common Tools-Axes) handAx.jpg 
Single Bit Axe:Used for building fences, cutting small trees and construction work. This very versatile tool should not be used as a sledge hammer on wedges or iron stakes. Handles are usually of hickory, 36 inches long, oval in cross section and shaped for good balance.
(Common Tools-Axes) Singlebitax.jpg 
Double Bit Axe:Used to cut small trees, trim logs and tops. Its two cutting edges should not be left in a vertical position because of the safety hazard. The 36 inch handle is oval and straight.
(Common Tools-Axes) DoublebitAx.jpg 
Crow Bar:It is normally four or five feet long with one end tapered round and the other end with a chisel point.
(Common Tools-Bars) CrowBar.jpg 
Pry or Fitting Bar:It has a long round taper at one end and a curved pry hook at the other.
(Common Tools-Bars) FittingBar.jpg 
Flat Pry Bar:Contoured flat bar, with beveled nail slots at each end. Also called a Wonder Bar (Stanley brand name).
(Common Tools-Bars) FlatPryBar.jpg 
Ripping Bar:Usually it is of octagon tempered steel. Used for demolition and pulling large nails. Also called a Wrecking Bar.
(Common Tools-Bars) WreckingBar.jpg 
Push Broom:Handles are 7/8 inch in diameter 4 to 5 feet long and are threaded into broom body or bolted on.
(Common Tools-Brushes) PushBroom.jpg 
Wire Brush:Used for cleaning metal parts to be welding, cleaning machinery parts and removing slag and rust.
(Common Tools-Brushes) WireBrush.jpg 
Bench Brush:The overall length is 16 inches.
(Common Tools-Brushes) BenchBrush.jpg 
Parts Brush:Metal handle is usually sealed at both ends to enable brush to float in solvent to prevent losing brush in solvent tank.
(Common Tools-Brushes) PartsBrush.jpg 
Pipe Clamp:A clamp made with a steel pipe.
(Common Tools-Clamps) clamp3.jpg 
Locking Welding Clamp:Works well when clamping two pieces adjacent to each other or at 90 degree angles.
(Common Tools-Clamps) LockingWeldingClamp.jpg 
"C" Clamp Locking Pliers:Used for clamping irregular shapes quickly and firmly when welding or fastening.
(Common Tools-Clamps) Clamp5.jpg 
Strap Clamp:Uses a fabric strap that tightens around large or irregular projects.
(Common Tools-Clamps) BandClamp.jpg 
Corner Clamp:Jaws are at 90 degree angles. Used to clamp items like cabinet frames.
(Common Tools-Clamps) CornerClamp.jpg 
Bar Clamp:Bar type clamp has quick non­ slip adjustment to approximate size; then screws tight to apply pressure.
(Common Tools-Clamps) clamp2.jpg 
Spring Clamp:Jaws are specially formed to hold flat or round objects.
(Common Tools-Clamps) SpringClamp.jpg 
"C" Clamp:The screw has a sliding bar or a thumb screw at one end and usually a ball and socket pad at the other Sizes range from 2 to 12 inches.
(Common Tools-Clamps) C_Clamp.jpg 
Safety Goggles:Eye protection that covers eye glasses.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) SafetyGoggles.jpg 
Face Shield:Eye protection that covers the entire face. Often used with safety galsses when full protection of the face is required.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) FAceShield.jpg 
Safety Glasses:Eye protection that covers eyes only. Safety glasses have side shields. The California State Educational Code states that all students, teachers, and visitors in a school shop must wear eye protection.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) SafetyGlasses.jpg 
Anvil:Sizes range in weight from 20 to 200 pounds. Used to shape cold and hot metal.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) anvil.jpg 
Cut Off Saw:Cutting wheels are disposable. Used for cutting steel bar and pipe.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) CutoffSaw.jpg 
Air Compressor:Used for supplying compressed air for spray painting and for operating air tools at low pressures (less than 100 psi).
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) AirCompressor.jpg 
Chain Saw:Most chain saws are gasoline powered, but smaller pruning saws can be electric or hydraulically powered.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) ChainSaw.jpg 
Contractors Wheelbarrow:Used widely in the construction industry. Typical capacity 1/5 cubic yard. Wheel is pneumatic.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) wheelbarrow.jpg 
Bolt Cutter:The toggle and lever joints develop great mechanical advantage. Commonly used to cut bolts, chain, and reinforcing bar.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) BoltCutter.jpg 
Rotary Hammer:Used for drilling holes in concrete and with chisel attachments. Special carbide tipped bits must be used with this unit.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) RotaryHammer.jpg 
Hog Ringer:It is some what like a pair of pliers except the jaws of the ringer has special slots for holding the ring.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) HogRinger.jpg 
Hammer Tacker:A stapler that operates like a hammer. Used to install insulation, builder's paper, roofing felt, etc.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) hammer tacker.jpg 
Staple Gun:Heavy duty and light utility models are available driving 3/16 to 1/2 inch staples.
(Common Tools-Miscellaneous) stapler2.jpg 
Battery Pliers:Used for removing battery terminals. The end clearance prevents cell-cover damage.
(Common Tools-Pliers) BatteryPliers.jpg 
Fence Pliers:Grips between the handles hold the wire tightly while leverage is exerted against the fence post to stretch the wire fairly tight.
(Common Tools-Pliers) fence pliers.jpg 
Retaining Ring Pliers:User for remove and install internal and external retaining (snap) rings.
(Common Tools-Pliers) RetainingRingPliers.jpg 
Diagonal Cutting Pliers:It has curved handles, lap joined; and diagonal cutting jaws.
(Common Tools-Pliers) DiagCutter.jpg 
Slip Joint Combination Pliers:Used for general purpose work, for holding flat or round stock, and for cutting soft wires.
(Common Tools-Pliers) Slip Joint Pliers.jpg 
Water Pump Pliers:The jaws are adjustable to 2 inches.
(Common Tools-Pliers) water pump pliers.jpg 
Locking Pliers:Locks with a toggle action that holds until the lever is opened. Commonly called Vise-Grip pliers.
(Common Tools-Pliers) LockingPliers.jpg 
Center Punch:It is manufactured in various sizes and lengths.
(Common Tools-Punches) CenterPunch.jpg 
Drift Punch:The shank is tapered.
(Common Tools-Punches) DriftPunch.jpg 
Leather Punch:The handles are similar to pliers. Used to punch holes in soft materials like leather and rubber.
(Common Tools-Punches) LeatherPunch.jpg 
Prick Punch:The punch should be sharp and ground to 30 degrees.
(Common Tools-Punches) PrickPunch.jpg 
Pin Punch:This punch has a long, straight shank, the diameter of which designates the size. Used to remove bolts and pins.
(Common Tools-Punches) Pin punch.bmp 
Hole Punch:These punches are used to make holes in gaskets and other materials. Also called a belt punch.
(Common Tools-Punches) BeltPunch.jpg 
Offset Screwdriver:Used where it is difficult to reach the screw head with a common or standard screwdriver.
(Common Tools-Screwdrivers) OffsetScrewdriver.bmp 
Nut Drivers:This is a very popular tool in the electrical and sheet metal industry.
(Common Tools-Screwdrivers) NutDriver.gif 
Phillips Screwdriver:Always select the correct size for the correct application.
(Common Tools-Screwdrivers) Phillips1.jpg 
Screwdriver Bits:Available in slotted, Phillips, square, and torx drives for power screwdrivers. Shank is hexagonal.
(Common Tools-Screwdrivers) DriverBit.jpg 
Square Recess Screwdriver:Each screwdriver is color coded for easy size identification.
(Common Tools-Screwdrivers) SqyareRecessedDrive.jpg 
Stubby Screwdriver:It comes in slotted and Phillips, and has a blade length of 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 inches long.
(Common Tools-Screwdrivers) Phillips 2.jpg 
Torx Head Screwdriver:Also used on appliances, lawn and garden, and electronic equipment.
(Common Tools-Screwdrivers) Torx Screwdriver.jpg 
Slotted Screwdriver:Used mostly in woodworking applications.
(Common Tools-Screwdrivers) Standard Screwdriver 1.jpg 
Clutch Driver:This is a specialty drive that fits screws used in mobile homes, boats, recreational vehicles, and electric motors.
(Common Tools-Screwdrivers) ClutchDrive.jpg 
Irrigating Shovel:The same as the round point except the blade is almost straight with the handle.
(Common Tools-Shovels, Rakes, Picks, and ) IrrigShovel.jpg 
Square Point Shovel:Used for scooping materials such as sand and gravel. Typically the handle about 50 inches long.
(Common Tools-Shovels, Rakes, Picks, and ) SqPtShovel.jpg 
Round Point Shovel:A shovel used for digging. Typical handle length approximately 50 inches.
(Common Tools-Shovels, Rakes, Picks, and ) RoundPointShovel.jpg 
Scoop Shovel:The handle can be a short capped ferrule “0” type or 54 inch long handle.
(Common Tools-Shovels, Rakes, Picks, and ) ScoopShovel.jpg 
Bow Rake:Has 15, 2 1/2 inch pointed teeth attached at 90 degrees to a 5 foot ferruled handle.
(Common Tools-Shovels, Rakes, Picks, and ) BowRake.jpg 
Clay Picks:The handles for all picks are 32 inches long and are larger at the head or blade end.
(Common Tools-Shovels, Rakes, Picks, and ) ClayPick.bmp 
Cutter Mattocks:The blades ends are rotated 90 degrees and oval hole is in the center for the handle which is sold separate.
(Common Tools-Shovels, Rakes, Picks, and ) CutterMattocks.jpg 
Pick Mattocks:Similar to the cutter mattocks except one end of the blade comes to a sharp point for breaking or digging in hardpan or very hard soil.
(Common Tools-Shovels, Rakes, Picks, and ) PickMattocks.jpg 
Posthole Digger:It is operated by thrusting the points into the soil and spreading the handles to remove the soil. Also called a Clam Shell.
(Common Tools-Shovels, Rakes, Picks, and ) PostHoleDigger.jpg 
Posthole Auger:It is operated by rotating the handle.
(Common Tools-Shovels, Rakes, Picks, and ) PostHoleAugar.jpg 
Machinist’s Vise:A bench mounted vise for metal with a swivel base and replacable jaws. It should not be used for hammering or bending metal. Also called a Bench Vise.
(Common Tools-Vises) Machinists vise.jpg 
Drill Press Vise:Drilling is safe and more accurate when a vise is used, and fewer drill bits are broken.
(Common Tools-Vises) DrillPressVise.jpg 
Woodworker’s Vise:The flat smooth jaws open up to 12 inches. Jaws may be lined with wood.
(Common Tools-Vises) WoodVise.jpg 
Open End Wrench:Both ends of the wrench are open but are of different sizes.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) OpenEndWrench.jpg 
Tubing Wrench:The box at each end of the wrench is 6 point only. Also called a flare nut wrench.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) FlareNutWrench.jpg 
Combination End Wrench:The reason for the popularity of this wrench is that it has the advantage of having both open and box ends.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) 6ptCombo.jpg 
Box End Wrench:Wrench is available in 12 and 6 point ends.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) BoxWrench.jpg 
Eight Point Socket:Has 8 points and is used on square nuts found on farm machinery.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) 8PointSocket.jpg 
Deep Socket:The deep socket is made in standard, thin, and extra thin walls, with 6 or 12 point openings and with 3/8, 1/2 or ¾ inch drive.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) 12PtDeepSocket.jpg 
Flex Socket:This permits working at various angles.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) flexScocket.jpg 
Twelve Point Socket:The socket has thin walls to fit in tight places.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) 12ptSocket.jpg 
Six Point Socket:The socket has 6 points inside to fit over hexagonal nuts.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) 6ptSocket.jpg 
Extension Bar:Used to connect, the socket wrench to the ratchet handle to give working clearance, and are 3 to 20 inches long.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) Extension.jpg 
Speed Handle:Used to rapidly remove a nut or bolt. Common drive sizes 1-4”-3/4”.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) SpeedHandle.jpg 
Slide Bar Handle:Used as a “T” or “L” handle and is normally used with the extension.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) SlidingThandle.jpg 
Flex Handle:The end that fits into the socket is swivel hinged, and the other end has a hole with a sliding cross bar to permit use of the wrench at an angle.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) FlexHandle.jpg 
Ratchet Handle:The ratchet speeds up the work. Common drive sizes 1-4”-3/4”.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) Ratchet.jpg 
Socket Adaptor:Allows the use of larger drive sockets with smaller socket drives; i.e., 1/2 inch drive socket and 3/8 inch drive ratchet.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) SocketAdapter.jpg 
Universal Joint:It makes work possible in restricted places where the wrnech cannot be aligned with the bolt.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) UniversalJoint.jpg 
Strap Wrench:The adjustable strap is useful in rotating large diameter objects like filters.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) StrapWrench.jpg 
Hex Key:This wrench is made of hexagon stock with one end bent to a 90 degree angle.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) HexKeyWrench.jpg 
Adjustable Wrench:Size is designated by inches in length.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) AdjustableWrench.jpg 
Chain Wrench:It is made in several sizes ranging from 13 ¾ to 87 inches long, and will handle pipe from 1/8 to 18 inches in diameter.
(Common Tools-Wrenches) ChainWrench.jpg 
Sponge Rubber Float:Must be dipped continuously in water when working plaster to keep the plaster from adhering to the rubber.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) rubberFloat.jpg 
Star Drill:It is operated by striking with a hammer while rotating by hand.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) StarDrill.jpg 
Masonry Bit:Used to drill in brick, block, and concrete. The tip is treated with tungsten carbide to resist heat and wear.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) MasonaryBit.jpg 
Hand Float:It is 4 to 5 inches wide and 13 inches long. Floats are used for rough finishing.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Float.jpg 
Bull Float:A large float with a long detachable handle. Made from wood or magnesium. Common sizes are 8 inches wide by 36 or 48 inches long.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Bull Float.jpg 
Reinforcing Bar:Available in 20, 30, and 40 foot lengths. Common sizes (diameter) of 3/8" to 1" are use in small construction projects.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Rebar.jpg 
Finishing Trowel:The finishing trowel is made of steel and is 4 inches wide by 14 inches long.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Finish Trowel.jpg 
Fresno Trowel:This large finish trowel also has a long detachable handle.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Fresno Trowel.jpg 
Concrete Edger:The ends may be curved up slightly. Used to finish the edges of concrete.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Edge Trowel.jpg 
Groover:It is 2 7/8 inches wide and 6 inches long with the ridge being 1/2 inch deep and 1/2 inch wide. Use to place groves in concrete slabs.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Grover.jpg 
Concrete Tampers:A tubular steel frame handle is attached to the top which allows a person to operate the tamper while walking in the concrete. Also called a Jitterbug.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) marshalltown_tamper.jpg 
Hawks:The size is 13 x 13 inches square. Use to cary morter.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) hawk.jpg 
Mortar Hoe:It also has a 5 1/2 foot handle and holes in the hoe to aid mixing.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) MortarHoe2.jpg 
Corner Trowel:Size is 2 1/2 by 2 1/2 wide and 6 inches long. Used to finish corner in curbs, steps, etc. The handle placement determines if the trowel is outside or inside. Outside corner trowel is also called a step trowel.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) OutsideCorner.jpg 
Mud Pan:Used mostly with small trowels or putty knifes.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) MudPan.jpg 
Brick Chisel:Blade is 3 1/2 inches wide, overall length is 7 inches.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Brick Chisel.jpg 
Brick Trowel:It is pointed and measures 4 ¾ inches by 11 inches.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Brick Trowel.jpg 
Brick Layer’s Hammer:The wedge shaped end is for scoring and cutting brick, and the other end is for tapping bricks into place when leveling.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Brick hammer.jpg 
Brick Jointer:The jointer is bent at each end at about 20 degrees to allow the mason to use one end as a handle and the other as a jointer. The tool is used to finish the joints between bricks.
(Concrete-Concrete Tools And Supplies) Brick jointer.jpg 
Lampholder:A plastic or porcelain device that holds a lamp.
(Electrical-Boxes and Devices) LampHolder.jpg 
Cord Cap:It is some times called a male plug. Used on extension cords and power tool cords.
(Electrical-Boxes and Devices) CordCap.jpg 
Duplex Receptacle:Receptacles may be installed in outlet boxes flush with the wall or in surface mounted boxes or junction boxes.
(Electrical-Boxes and Devices) DuplexRecpt.jpg 
Switch Box:Comes with knockouts for non-metallic sheathed cable or electrical metallic tubing.
(Electrical-Boxes and Devices) HandyBox.jpg 
Junction Box:Usually made of metal in square or octagon shaped boxes.
(Electrical-Boxes and Devices) JctBox.jpg 
Cord Connectors:This connecting body is designed to accommodate the cord cap and is sometimes called a female plug.
(Electrical-Boxes and Devices) Cord Connector.jpg 
Toggle Switch:When the toggle switch is pushed up the service is on and off when pushed down.
(Electrical-Boxes and Devices) ToggleSwitch.jpg 
Three-Way Toggle Switch:Traveler or go between wires connect to lighter colored brass screws; hot wire is connected to the darker colored brass screw.
(Electrical-Boxes and Devices) 3WaySwitch.jpg 
Armored Cable:This cable must run from box to box without splices.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) ArmoredCable.jpg 
Circuit Breaker:Used to protect the wire in a circuit. Rated in amps.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) CurcuitBreaker.jpg 
Knife Fuse:The knife fuse is made in several sizes for service of 60 to 600 amps and is not interchangeable with cartridge fuses or knife fuses of different capacities.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) KnifeFuse.jpg 
Core Solder:It is available in spools. Rosin core is used to solder wires and acid core to solder sheet metal.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) CoreSolder.jpg 
Conduit Straps:Conduit is placed in the curved portion and strap is secured by nails or screws. Single foot and double foot styles. Sized for EMT and rigid/PVC conduit.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) ConduitStrap.jpg 
Electric Cord:A flexible cable used for extension cords and connecting power tools. May be plastic (e.g. Type xx) or rubber covered (e.g.. Type SJ)
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) SJCable.jpg 
Insulated Staple:Commonly used for low voltage wire used in applications such as door bells or sprinkler controllers. It should not be used 120-volt lines.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) InsulatedStaple.jpg 
Friction Tape:Used over rubber insulating tape on wire Splices and is used to replace the outer braid.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) FrictionTape.jpg 
Cartridge Fuse:It is a cylinder shaped like a cartridge case and has metal ferrules at each end and a soft fusible element inside.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) CartFuse.jpg 
Ground Rod Clamp:Connects a ground wire to a grounding rod, reinforcing bar, or metal water pipe. This provides for a good ground in the event of a power spike or lightning strike.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) GroundClamp.jpg 
Ground Rod:It is connected to the electrical service box or meter can by a shielded ground wire and a ground clamp.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) GroundRod.jpg 
Plastic Covered Electric Wire:The larger the number the smaller the wire.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) THHN.jpg 
Wire Nut:Used to connect AC wires. Color coded to denote capacity.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) Wire Nuts.jpg 
Plastic Tape:It is used alone without friction tape.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) ElectricalTape.jpg 
Solderless Connector:Used where a permanent connection is desired. Connectors can be insulated or un-insulated. Commonly used for wiring on mobile equipment.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) SolderlessConnector.jpg 
Non-matelic Cable Staples:Staples used to secure type NM cable to wood.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) NM_Staples.jpg 
Strap Nail Drive:Made of die cast zinc, it is driven into wood with a hammer with conduit resting in curved end.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) StrapNailDrive.jpg 
Non-Metallic Clamp:The cable is secured by means of a bracket tightened with screws. Used to secure a NM cable to a box.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) NMCableClamp.jpg 
Non-Metallic Cable:A cable with a plastic cover used for residential indoor wiring. Commonly found with 3 and 4 conductor in sizes 14-6.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) NMCable.jpg 
Single Conductor:A single conductor with thermal plastic insulation. Wire may be solid or stranded. Typical types are TW and THHN. Common sizes 14-0
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) THHN.jpg 
UF Cable:A solid plastic covering is used on this cable making it suitable for direct burial of the cable.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) UFCable.jpg 
Service Panel:Used to distribute power in a building. Contains a main disconnect and circuit breakers.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) ServicePanel.jpg 
Rubber Tape:Used on high voltage connections. It is covered with friction tape or plastic tape.
(Electrical-Electrical Supplies) RubberTape.jpg 
Multi-Testers or Volt-Ohm Meter:An analog or digital meter that commonly will measure AC volts, DC volts, Ohms, and milli-amps.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) Digital multimeter.bmp 
Continuity Tester:A device used to the continuity of a circuit.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) ContinuityTester.jpg 
Voltage Tester:Used for testing voltage on electrical outlets, fuse clips, and circuit breakers will test voltage from 120 to 600 volts.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) voltageTester.jpg 
Soldering Gun:It is fitted with a replaceable tip and operates on 115-volt AC. Used primarily for soldering wires.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) SolderingGun.jpg 
Fuse Puller:Made of plastic to prevent electrician from being shocked while installing or removing fuses.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) FusePuller.jpg 
Wire Stripper:Used to strip plastic coating from solid electrical wires without damaging the wire .Can be adjusted to be used on various wire sizes.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) wire striper.bmp 
Long Nose Pliers:Also used for stripping wire, making eyes in wire and holding wire in place while inserting screws.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) NeedleNosePliers.jpg 
Lineman's Pliers:They are used on both bare and insulated wire. Note: These tools are also used for fence work and tying concrete rebar.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) LinemansPliers.jpg 
Hickey:The Hickey or bender is used for short radius bends.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) Hickey.jpg 
Conduit Bender:This enables an electrician to make accurate 45 and 90 degree bends. Bender may be designated for EMT or rigid conduit.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) EMTBender.jpg 
NM Cable Cutter:A cutter for cutting Type NM cable.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) CableCutter.gif 
Non-Metallic Cable Ripper:Made of a thin “U” shaped metal piece.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) CableRipper.JPG 
Fish Tape:Fish tapes come in 25, 50 and 100 foot lengths.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) FishTape.jpg 
Electric Soldering Iron:It has a replaceable copper tip. Soldering irons are sized from very light duty for soldering fine wires to heavy duty for soldering sheet metal.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) SolderingIron.jpg 
Wire Stripper And Crimping Tool:Used for stripping wire, cutting wire and crimping wire terminals on stripped wire ends.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) CrimpTool.jpg 
Knockout Punch:Sizes range from 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches. Used to create a hole in panel for connecting conduit.
(Electrical-Electrical Tools) greenlee_punch.jpg 
Flexible Conduit:It consists of a heavily zinc coated steel strip wound spiraling, with interlocked construction permitting greater flexibility.
(Electrical-EMT & Flex Conduit) FlexConduit.jpg 
EMT Sweep:The difference being, it is made of thin wall conduit and has no threads.
(Electrical-EMT & Flex Conduit) EMT_Sweep.jpg 
EMT Connectorox:Used to connect EMT conduit to a box, panel, or other threaded fitting.
(Electrical-EMT & Flex Conduit) EMTConnector.jpg 
EMT Coupling:A compression fitting used to join EMT conduit.
(Electrical-EMT & Flex Conduit) EMTCoupling.jpg 
Electrical Metalic Tubing:A thin walled conduit. Commonly abbreviated as EMT. It is coupled with special fittings and is smooth inside. Manufactured in 10 foot lengths. Common sizes 1/2"-2". Approved for indoor use.
(Electrical-EMT & Flex Conduit) EMT.jpg 
PVC Coupling:Used to connect PVC conduit, must be glued and once connected cannot be removed.
(Electrical-PCV Conduit) PVCCoupling.jpg 
PVC Male Adaptor:Adapts PVC conduit to a threaded fitting for connecting to a box, panel , etc.
(Electrical-PCV Conduit) PVCMA.jpg 
PVC Pull Elbow:Used to make 90 degree bends and has removable cap for splicing or pulling wire. Glues to PVC conduit. Types denote the location of the cover (e.g. LB, LR)
(Electrical-PCV Conduit) PVCPullEll.jpg 
PVC Elbow or Sweep:It has a long radius and is connected by gluing couplings on elbow and pipe.
(Electrical-PCV Conduit) PVC90Sweep.jpg 
PVC Conduit:PVC conduit is used inside, outside or underground. Gray in color. Glued connections make it waterproof.
(Electrical-PCV Conduit) PVC_Conduit.jpg 
Ridged Entrance Ell:Has female thread on each end and has removable cap for access to wire for splicing or pulling.
(Electrical-Rigid Conduit) RigidEntranceLB.jpg 
Ridged Elbow or Sweep:Sizes range from 1/2 to 2 inch.
(Electrical-Rigid Conduit) RigidConduitSweep.gif 
Ridged Coupling:Made of galvanized steel.
(Electrical-Rigid Conduit) RigidCoupling.jpg 
Ridged Conduit:It is available in galvanized and enamel finishes.
(Electrical-Rigid Conduit) RigidConduit.jpg 
Raintite Hub:Made of cast aluminum and has a flange with pre-drilled holes for mounting to panel, and threaded inlet for conduit.
(Electrical-Rigid Conduit) Raintight Hub.jpg 
Service Entrance Cap:Made of cast aluminum or PVC.
(Electrical-Rigid Conduit) ServiceEntranceCap.jpg 
Eye Bolt:It has an eye on one end and coarse or fine threads on the other.
(Fasteners-Bolts) Eye Bolt.jpg 
Toggle Bolt:When the screw is tightened a firm anchorage is made.
(Fasteners-Bolts) bolt8.jpg 
Cap Screws:It resembles a short bolt with a hexagon head with either coarse, fine, or metric thread. Term describes machine bolts and machine screws.
(Fasteners-Bolts) Cap_Screw.jpg 
Carriage Bolts:Never use a washer under the head. Use to bolt wood.
(Fasteners-Bolts) Carriage Bolt.jpg 
Grade 2 Bolt:Soft bolt commonly used for landscape applications and other applications where strength is not important.
(Fasteners-Bolts) Grade 2 bolt.jpg 
Lag Bolt:The bolt has a square or hex head with a tapered wood screw on the other end. Common sizes 1/4 to 1/2 in diameter, 2" to 12" long. Also called a Lag Screw.
(Fasteners-Bolts) bolt4.jpg 
Machine Bolt:The head and nut may be square or hexagon shaped.
(Fasteners-Bolts) MachineBolt.jpg 
Plow Bolt:No wrench is necessary to hold the bolt head.
(Fasteners-Bolts) bolt6.jpg 
Machine Screw:The head is slotted for a screwdriver and may be either round of flat. Typical sizes 4-12.
(Fasteners-Bolts) Pan Head Machine Screw.jpg 
Grade 5 Bolt:Mildly hardened bolt used commonly in machinery and equipment applications. Three markings on the head.
(Fasteners-Bolts) Grade 5 Bolt.jpg 
Grade 8 Bolt:Hardened bolt used where high tensile strength is required. 6 markings on the head.
(Fasteners-Bolts) Grade 8 Bolt.jpg 
Corrugated Fastener:The size is 1/4 to 1 inch in depth and 2 to 7 corrugations. Used to fasten wood.
(Fasteners-Miscellaneous Fasteners) CorrigatedFastener.jpg 
Cotter Pin:This prevents the nut from working loose. Also called a Cotter Key.
(Fasteners-Miscellaneous Fasteners) cotterPin.jpg 
Box Nail:Roughly speaking, d equals 1/4 inch in length, but this is not constant. The shank is smaller in diameter than the common nail to prevent splitting of the wood. Common sizes 2d to 16d
(Fasteners-Nails) BOXNAIL2.jpg 
Duplex-Head Nail:The point is sharp, and there are two heads, one above the other, to make removal easy. Common sizes 6d, 8d, 16d.
(Fasteners-Nails) DUPLEX.jpg 
Common Nail:Roughly speaking, d equals 1/4 inch in length, but this is not constant. The shank is larger in diameter than the box nail making the nail less likely to bend. Common sizes 2d – 20d. Sizes larger then 20s are often called spikes.
(Fasteners-Nails) commonsmooth.jpg 
Finish Nail:The sizes range from 2d to 20d. The nail is designed to be counter sunk and the hole filled.
(Fasteners-Nails) finish.jpg 
Galvanized Nail:Common, box, and finish nails are available for exterior use with a galvanized coating. The coating may be hot dipped (thicker) or electro-plated (EG).
(Fasteners-Nails) GalvNail.jpg 
Spiral Shank Nails:Designed for the construction and repair of wood pallets. These spiral shank nails are also good for re-nailing wagon beds, trailers.
(Fasteners-Nails) SprialShankNail.gif 
Wire Brad:The size is expressed in wire gauge and ranges from 1/4 to 1 1/2 inches long.
(Fasteners-Nails) WireBrad.jpg 
Cement Coated Nails:Sizes range from 2d to 16d. Commonly found in a green coating in 8d and 16d ("sinkers").
(Fasteners-Nails) CoatedNail.jpg 
Blue Plaster Board Nail:The range in size is 1 to 1 1/2 inches.
(Fasteners-Nails) BluedLathNail.gif 
Aluminum Roofing Nails:Sizes range from 1 to 1 1/2 inches long.
(Fasteners-Nails) AlRoofingNail.gif 
Lead-Head Nails:Lead washer is to prevent oxidation between the head of the nail and the galvanized roofing and also prevents leakage.
(Fasteners-Nails) LeadHeadNail.jpg 
Galvanized Shingle Nail:The 3d is generally used for shingling.
(Fasteners-Nails) ShingleNail.jpg 
Galvanized Roofing Nail:The head is about 1/2 inch in diameter, and the length ranges from ¾ to 2 inches.
(Fasteners-Nails) RoofingNail.gif 
Furring Nail:This allows the wire to become a reinforcing agent and the nails hold the plaster to the wall.
(Fasteners-Nails) FurringNail.gif 
Wing Nuts:Used where hand tightening (no wrench) is desired such as inspection covers.
(Fasteners-Nuts) wingNut.jpg 
Self-Locking Nuts:When tightened on a bolt the scored threads bite into the threads of the bolt preventing it from backing off.
(Fasteners-Nuts) LockNut.jpg 
Castellated Hex Nut:Used with a cotter pin to prevent loosening or tightening. Top the nut is smaller in diamter than the base.
(Fasteners-Nuts) CastleNut.jpg 
Slotted Hex Nut:It differs from the castellated nut in that there is no stepped-in castle-like top.
(Fasteners-Nuts) slottedHexNut.jpg 
Square Nut:Used on farm implements with carriage bolts, machine bolts, stoves bolts and plow bolts.
(Fasteners-Nuts) SquareNut.jpg 
Cap Nut:A nut closed on one side to cover an exposed bolt.
(Fasteners-Nuts) capNut.jpg 
Hex Nut:It may have NC, NF, or metric threads.
(Fasteners-Nuts) Hex nut1.jpg 
Soft Iron Rivet:The size is based on length and diameter.
(Fasteners-Rivets) rivet.gif 
Pop Rivet Tool:Tool is adjustable to use the various sizes (diameter) of rivets available.
(Fasteners-Rivets) PopRivetTool.jpg 
Rivet Set:A rivet set is a small bar of steel with a hole drilled in the end to receive the rivet, and with a cup-like depression for forming a round head on the rivet.
(Fasteners-Rivets) RivetSet.jpg 
Pop Rivet:A pop rivet tool is required to set the rivet.
(Fasteners-Rivets) PopRivet.jpg 
Self Tapping Screws:Screw has a sharp point with coarse threads that make their own threads when screwed into a pre-drilled hole that is smaller than the diameter of the screw.
(Fasteners-Screws) screw6.jpg 
Deck Screws:A straight shank wood screw with a bugle head. Commonly made with a Phillips or square drive 2 1/2" of longer. Coated to prevent rusting.
(Fasteners-Screws) DeckScrew.jpg 
Wood Screws:A tapered screw with a round, oval, or flat head. The threaded portion of the screw is tapered with a very coarse thread and cuts its own thread as it is turned into the wood. Shown L-R oval head, round head, flat head Phillips, and flat head slotted.
(Fasteners-Screws) WoodScrews.jpg 
Self Drilling Screws:No pre-drilling is necessary when using a self drilling screw.
(Fasteners-Screws) SelfDrilling.gif 
Torx Head Screws:The head is similar to the Phillips but having a six point star shaped opening in the center of the head rather than a four point star.
(Fasteners-Screws) TorxScrew.jpg 
Drywall Screws:All Are Phillips Except the Hex Wafer Head. Used to fasten drywall. Bugle shaped flat head.
(Fasteners-Screws) DrywallScrew.jpg 
Screw Hook:Can be screw into wood walls or concrete or masonry when pre-drilled and a plastic or lead anchor is used.
(Fasteners-Screws) Screw hook.jpg 
Sheet Metal Screws:Head types are flat, round, pan, oval and binding.
(Fasteners-Screws) SheetMetal.gif 
Screw Eye:It may be described as a screw with an eye or ring head.
(Fasteners-Screws) Screw Eye.jpg 
Set Screw:When screwed into a set collar the cup point makes an indentation in the shaft preventing the collar from vibrating loose.
(Fasteners-Screws) SetScrew.jpg 
Fender Washers:The large holes are used for aligning or adjusting for proper fit.
(Fasteners-Washers) FenderWasher.jpg 
Finishing Washer:This is a chrome plated countersunk washer used with oval head wood or metal screws.
(Fasteners-Washers) FinishingWasher.jpg 
Flat Washers:Used to prevent the nut from rubbing and becoming imbedded in the bolted material. Also called a Cut Washer.
(Fasteners-Washers) FlatWasher.jpg 
Lock Washer:It should not be used on wood.
(Fasteners-Washers) LockWasher.jpg 
Malleable Iron Washer:Used where excess pressure or stress is exerted on wooden structures.
(Fasteners-Washers) MalleableIronWasher.gif 
Chain Link Fencing:Comes in 36 to 60 inch widths and 50 to 100 foot lengths. Also called Diamond Mesh.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) ChainLinkFence.jpg 
Barbed Wire:A spool of wire is 80 rods long.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) BarbedWire.jpg 
T Post:A steel post with an attached plate to help anchor the post. Commonly 5'-8' long.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) Tpost.jpg 
Smooth Galvanized Wire:It is made of smooth galvanized steel and is available in a variety of gauges.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) smoothFenceWire.gif 
Come-A-Long:By working the ratchet handle the cable is tightened and moves the sheave block closer to the ratchet spool.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) Come-a-long.jpg 
Wire Stretcher:It consists of two double sheave blocks specifically designed with hooks, holding lock, wire clamp and a rope.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) FenceStretcher.jpg 
Wire Grip:Made of steel or malleable iron. Used to grip fencing wire when tightening
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) wire_grip.jpg 
Nail On Electric Fence Insulator:Commonly a plastic insulator that nails to a wood post. Insulators hold electric fence conductors about 1" from the post.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) NailOnInsulator.jpg 
Poultry Wire Netting:The rolls are 50 to 150 feet long and from 1 1/4 to 4 feet wide.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) PoultryNetting.gif 
Staples:The length is stated in inches and fractions.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) FenceStaple.jpg 
Welded Wire Fence:Consists of 16 gauge galvanized wire spot welded rather than woven, and has 2 inch by 3 inch mesh.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) WeldedWire.jpg 
Woven Wire Fencing:The roll contains 20 rods of wire ranging from 32 to 47 inches wide.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) WovenWire.jpg 
Turn Buckle:Turning the body tightens or loosens both at the same time.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) TurnBuckle.jpg 
T-Post Insulator:The insulator is clipped to the steel post and the wire inserted into the plastic clip, thus preventing grounding of the electrical system.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) TpostIns.jpg 
Steel Fence Posts:Round sttel post with an anchor plate 12 inches from the bottom and comes in 3 to 6 foot lengths.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) SteelFencePost.jpg 
Electric Fence Gate Handle:By pulling on the handle, tension can be released on the fence and it can be disconnected allowing entry.
(Hardware-Fencing And Supplies) ElectricFenceGate.jpg 
Gate Latch:The hook is inserted into the eye screw to latch.
(Hardware-Hinges) GateLatch.jpg 
Butt Hinge:This hinge is available with fast pin or loose pin and is plain brass or steel or primed with paint.
(Hardware-Hinges) butt hinge.jpg 
Strap Hinge:The size is measured from the hinge pin to the end of one strap.
(Hardware-Hinges) strap hinge.jpg 
Hinge Hasp:One end is like a strap hinge with a slot which folds over an eye or staple to accommodate a padlock.
(Hardware-Hinges) hasp.jpg 
Continous Hinge:Same as the butt hinge except it comes in 8" to 8' lengths and is cut to length with a hacksaw. Also called a Piano hinge
(Hardware-Hinges) Continous hinge.jpg 
Barrel Bolt:The other end, a separate piece is an eye which the bolt slides into when locking.
(Hardware-Hinges) Barrel Bolt.jpg 
“T” Hinge:Size is measured from hinge pin to the end of the strap. Commonly use for gates ("T" fastens to post).
(Hardware-Hinges) T Hinge.jpg 
Torsion Spring:When the spring is wound up it exerts a twisting force.
(Hardware-Springs) TorsionSpring.jpg 
Tension Spring:This spring can be extended, but exerts force by extending to pull back to its original length.
(Hardware-Springs) TensionSpring.jpg 
Compression Spring:A compression spring is one that exerts pressure when it is compressed.
(Hardware-Springs) compressionSpring.jpg 
Micrometer:Sizes range from 0 to 1 inch up to 12 inches.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) Micrometer.jpg 
Steel Tape:It should be cleaned after using and kept free from rust.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) Steel Tape.jpg 
Fiberglass Tape:Lengths of 50', 100', 200, and 300' common. Tape maybe graduated in feet and inches, feet and 1/100', or metric.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) ClosedReelFiberglassTape.jpg 
Measuring Wheel:Used to measure long distances such as field boundaries or road length where high accuracy is not required.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) measuringWheel.jpg 
Combination Square:A level and a scribe are contained in the beam.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) Combo Square.bmp 
Rafter Square:An aluminum square marked for cutting rafters and angles. Also can be used as a guide for cross cutting with a circular saw. Small size will fit in a nail pouch.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) Rafter Square.bmp 
Framing Square:Rafter framing squares are marked in 12ths of an inch on the back side. Also called a Carpenter’s or steel square. Many of these squares are inscribed with rafter tables.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) Framing Square.jpg 
Try Square:It is marked in 8ths and 16ths of an inch.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) Try Square.jpg 
Sliding “T” Bevel:After it is set at the correct angle, it is much the same as a square.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) T bevel.jpg 
Depth Gauge:Usually graduated in 32nds and 64ths.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) depth gage.jpg 
Inside Calipers:The calipers are adjusted to the diameter of the object and then laid on a rule where the reading is taken.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) inside-caliper.jpg 
Outside Calipers:The calipers are adjusted to the outside diameter of the object and then laid on a rule where the reading is taken.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) OutsideCalipers.jpg 
Fractional Vernier Caliper: Direct reading of 16ths and 32nds of an inch on the handle, and vernier readings of 1/128 inch.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) VernierCaliper.jpg 
Dial Caliper:Capacity is from 0 to 6 inches.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) DialCaliper.jpg 
Line Level:It consists of a bubble tube housed in a metal or plastic case which has hooks for attaching to the line.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) line level.jpg 
Carpenter’s Level:Used for marking level lines and for checking surfaces for level and plumb. Typical length 24-48 inches. Longer levels are often called masonary levels since they are commonly used to lay brick.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) level.jpg 
Feeler Gauge:Used for gauging the clearance or spacing of valve tappets and other jobs where accurate measurements of .001 to .032 may be desired.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) FeelerGauge.jpg 
Dividers:Used for marking out circles or parts of circles, for transferring or duplicating short measurements, and for dividing distances into a number of equal parts.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) dividers.jpg 
Protractor:It is graduated from 0 to 180 degrees.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) Protractor.jpg 
Plumb Bob:It can also be used to establish a plumb line in laying brick or concrete blocks. Also used to establish a survey instrument (like a transit) above a specific point.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) plumb bob.jpg 
Marking Gauge:It is marked in 8ths and 16ths of an inch and is 8 inches long.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) Marking Gauge.jpg 
Chalk Line:A special container contains the chalk powder and line which is on a winding spool.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) Chalk Line.jpg 
Soapstone:Unlike chalk, it is hard enough not to mark hands or clothing and can be used in holders that resemble pencils.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) SoapStone.jpg 
Scratch Awls:Also used as a punch for making small holes in light gauge sheet metal for the insertion of sheet metal screws.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) ScratchAwl.jpg 
Scribe:The tip is brittle and will snap off if dropped on the point or used as center punch.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Measuri) Scribe.jpg 
Range pole:A simple pole used in lieu of a rod where elevation measurement is not needed.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) RangePole.jpg 
Global Position System receivers:Commonly called GPS receivers, they used satellites to establish the user’s position (e.g., latitude and longitude). Recreational receivers have an accuracy of 13 m and survey grade receivers have an accuracy of 2 cm. Differential GPS receivers (accuracy 2cm – 1 m) are commonly used in agriculture to map field boundaries, scout fields, and provide tractor guidance.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) GPS.jpg 
Direct Elevation Rod:Rod reads elevations directly (without subtraction from the HI) by used a sliding tape. Some rods have a cut/fill scale for use in grading.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) DirectElevRod.jpg 
Builder's Level:A telescope instrument used to check level of forms or field grades. Builders' levels are designed to be used for short distances. Farm or dumpy levels are similar to builder's levels, but have more powerful telescopes. Farm levels are used for longer distances. Both instruments are leveled manually using adjusting screws. An “auto” level requires less manual leveling and has only three leveling screws.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) BuildersLevel.jpg 
Transit:Similar to a level, but a transit telescope can be tilted vertically to measure vertical angles. Surveyor’s have generally replaced these with “Total Stations”, but transits are still used to measure vertical angles in construction.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) Transit.jpg 
Laser Level:A level that used a rotating laser beam to establish a level plane. Leveling can be done with a single person.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) LaserLevel.jpg 
Philadelphia Rod:Reads like a tape measure. An adjustable target is available to allow readings up to 700 feet in distance.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) PhiliRod.jpg 
Surveyor’s Steel Tape:Quite often called a “chain.” These may be stored on a reel or coiled.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) SurveySteelTape.jpg 
Rod Target:Used with the surveyor’s rod to allow readings at a greater distance.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) Target.jpg 
Surveying Tripod:Used to hold a level or other survey instrument. To protect threads, keep cap on when not in use.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) tripod.jpg 
Surveyors Arrows:Sizes range from 10 to 14 inches in length. Used to mark distances when "chaining" or measuring distance.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) SurveyArrow.jpg 
Laser Level Receiver:The receiver that detects the laser beam of the laser level. Can be fitted to a Philadelphia or Direct Elevation rod.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) LaserLevelReceiver.jpg 
Hand Level:The hand level is held in the hand thus providing little accuracy.
(Measuring, Layout, and Surveying-Surveyi) HandLevel.jpg 
Chuck Key:Used in keyed chuck to tighten or loosen the chuck
(Metal Working-Boring Tools (Metal)) ChuckKey.jpg 
Straight Shank Twist Drill:If used on hard steel and at high speeds, it should be made of high speed steel.
(Metal Working-Boring Tools (Metal)) St_Shank_Drill.jpg 
Morse Taper Sleeve:Used as an adaptor to insert different number taper shank twist drills into the drill press.
(Metal Working-Boring Tools (Metal)) MorseTaperSleeve.jpg 
Countersink:The shank is 1/4 inch in diameter and can be used in hand or power drills.
(Metal Working-Boring Tools (Metal)) CounterSink.jpg 
Reduced Shank Drills:The shank of the drill comes in three sizes, 1/4, 1/2, and ¾ inch.
(Metal Working-Boring Tools (Metal)) Reduced_Shank_Drill.jpg 
Chuck:Used to hold a drill in a drill press or drill motor. May portable drill motors are using keyless chucks that are tightened by hand.
(Metal Working-Boring Tools (Metal)) Chuck.jpg 
Taper Reamer: Used to ream holes for tapered pins used on farm machinery and equipment.
(Metal Working-Boring Tools (Metal)) TaperReamer.jpg 
Drill Drift:Used for removing morse taper sleeves and tapered shank twist drills from a drill press. Also called a Center Key.
(Metal Working-Boring Tools (Metal)) DrillDrift.jpg 
Tapered Shank Twist Drill:It should never be used in a chuck.
(Metal Working-Boring Tools (Metal)) TaperShankDrill.jpg 
Cold Chisel:Size is determined by the width of the cutting edge.
(Metal Working-Chisels) Cold Chisel.bmp 
Round Nose Chisel:The sides of the shank are flattened and the width at the cutting edge determines the size.
(Metal Working-Chisels) RoundNoseChisel.jpg 
Cape Chisel:Use for cutting keyways and groves. Useful for tight places where a cold chisel is too large. Sized by the width of the cutting edge.
(Metal Working-Chisels) CapeChisel.jpg 
Diamond Chisel:Use for cutting keyways and groves. Useful for tight places where a cold chisel is too large. Sized by the width of the cutting edge.
(Metal Working-Chisels) DiamondPtChisel.jpg 
Metal File:Common Shapes: flat, mill, square, half round, round and three square (triangular). Common Coarseness Cuts (rough to smooth): bastard, second cut, smooth. Kinds of Teeth: Single Cut and Double Cut.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) file1.jpg 
Tap Wrench:“T” type tap wrenches have an adjustable chuck.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) TapWrench.jpg 
File Card:The card is a small fine wire brush.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) FileCard.jpg 
Bottoming Tap:Widely used in machine operations to complete a thread in a bottom of a hole.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) BottomTap.jpg 
Plug Tap:Used to cut threads in machine operations.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) PlugTap.jpg 
Taper Tap:Also used to start threads in a blind hole.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) TaperTap.jpg 
USS Tap:Used to cut United States Standard or National Coarse threads in drilled holes or nuts.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) TaperTap.jpg 
SAE Tap:Used to cut Society of Automotive Engineers or National Fine threads in bored holes and nuts.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) TaperTap.jpg 
USS Die:The die cuts the male thread of a bolt or rod. USS also called National Course (NC) thread.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) USSDie.jpg 
SAE Dies:Used to cut Society of Automotive Engineers of National Fine (NF) Threads on bolts.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) SAEDie.jpg 
Die Stock:Used as a handle for dies.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) DieStock.jpg 
Hack Saw:The handle normally has a pistol type grip.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) hacksaw.jpg 
Screw Extractor:A hole is drilled in the center of the broken stud, and the extractor screwed into the hole in a counter clockwise direction. Also called an easy out.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) ScrewExtractor.jpg 
Whet Stone:Used for sharpening tools such as wood chisels and other tools to a fine edge.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) Shapening Stone.jpg 
Single Cut File:It has a single series of teeth and is made in bastard cut, second cut and smooth type teeth.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) singleCutFile.jpg 
Round File:It is available 4 to 16 inches long and 3/16 to ¾ inches in diameter.
(Metal Working-Files, Threading, and Cutt) RoundFile.jpg 
Engineer’s Hammer:Sizes are form 2 1/2 to 4 pound with handle length of 16 inches.
(Metal Working-Hammers (Metal)) Engineer hammer.jpg 
Ball Pein Hammer:This hammer is constructed with a ball at one end and a round crowned hammering face at the other. Also called a Machinist’s Hammer
(Metal Working-Hammers (Metal)) Ball pein hammer.jpg 
Hand Drilling Hammer:The head is made in three different sizes, 2, 3, and 4 pound. It has a short handle and can be used in tight places to drive punches and chisels.
(Metal Working-Hammers (Metal)) DrillingHammer.jpg 
Tinner’s Hammer:The hammer head is beveled on one end and has a square face on the other.
(Metal Working-Hammers (Metal)) TinnersHammer.gif 
Blacksmith’s Hammer:The hammering surface is crowned. Designed for use in forming hot metal.
(Metal Working-Hammers (Metal)) Blacksmith Hammer.jpg 
Dead Blow Hammer:It does not absorb liquids or produce sparks when striking steel objects. Some models are weighted with lead shot.
(Metal Working-Hammers (Metal)) DeadBlowHammer.jpg 
Sledge Hammer:Looks like engineers hammer but much larger. 6-12 pounds in weight.
(Metal Working-Hammers (Metal)) SledgeHammer.jpg 
Stainless Steel:An alloy steel that resists oxidation. Commonly a chrome or nickel alloy of iron.
(Metal Working-Metals) Stainless.jpg 
Galvanized Steel:The coating varies from 0.0002 inch for the lightest coating to 0.002 inch for water pipe.
(Metal Working-Metals) Galvanized_Steel.jpg 
Cast Iron: Used to make castings for cylinder blocks, plow bottoms, housings for tractor differentials, transmission cases, sprockets wheels, pulleys, pipe fittings and gears.
(Metal Working-Metals) CastIron.jpg 
Channel Iron:The common sizes range from 1/2” X 1 inch to 4 X 12 inches.
(Metal Working-Metals) channelfig.gif 
Angle Iron:It is sold by the pound. Sized by the length of the legs and thickness. Ex. 2”x2”x1/4”.
(Metal Working-Metals) struct_equal_angle.jpg 
Copper:It is sold by the piece, running foot or pound.
(Metal Working-Metals) Copper.jpg 
Aluminum:It is sold by the square foot, by the piece or by the pound.
(Metal Working-Metals) aluminum.jpg 
Brass:It is sold by the piece or by the pound.
(Metal Working-Metals) Brass.jpg 
Hot Rolled:Available in many shapes. Formed hot the finsh is rough and dark.
(Metal Working-Metals) HotRolled.jpg 
Cold Rolled Steel:It is commonly used for making bolts and shafting. Shaped cold the metal is bright and shiny.
(Metal Working-Metals) ColdRolled.jpg 
Tool Steel:It can be tempered to various degrees of hardness.
(Metal Working-Metals) hexagon.jpg 
Rectangular Tubing:Unequal dimensions (ex. 2"x4") steel tubing. Wall thickness varies from very light ( ex. .080") to thick in larger sizes (ex. 1/2"). Also see square tubing.
(Metal Working-Metals) RectTubing.jpg 
H Beam:A 4 inch H beam is 4 inches wide and 4 inches high.
(Metal Working-Metals) h-beam.jpg 
Expanded Metal:Come in gauge thickness and usually 4 to 5 foot width and 8 to 12 foot lengths.
(Metal Working-Metals) expanded.jpg 
Square Bar:Ranges in size from 1/8 inch and greater.
(Metal Working-Metals) square_bar.jpg 
Strip Iron:It is 1/8 inch or less in thickness and comes in various widths.
(Metal Working-Metals)  
Flat Bar:Size is 3/16 inch thick and greater and comes in a variety of widths.
(Metal Working-Metals) HRFlat.jpg 
Square Tubing:Wall thickness varies from very light ( ex. .080") to thick in larger sizes (ex. 1/2"). Heavier wall tubing is excellent for cultivator tool bars because of its smooth exterior finish and ability to with stand heavy loads.
(Metal Working-Metals) square_tube.jpg 
Diamond Plate:Sizes range from 1/8 to 1/4 inch thick, 4 to 5 feet in width and 8 to 12 feet in length.
(Metal Working-Metals) DiamondPlate.jpg 
I Beam:Used to support structures (placed horizontally). Typical lengths 20-40 feet.
(Metal Working-Metals) beamfig.gif 
Sheet Metal Shear:Foot operated shear
(Metal Working-Power and Stationary Tools) foot shear.jpg 
Angle Grinder:Available in sizes from 2 to 9 inch. May be used with a grinding, sanding, or wire brush wheel.
(Metal Working-Power and Stationary Tools) AngleGrinder.jpg 
Hydraulic Shear:Powered by a hydraulic pump and cylinder these shears commonly can cut flat stock, angle iron, and punch holes.
(Metal Working-Power and Stationary Tools) HydShear.jpg 
Grinder:Used for sharpening and removing material. Stones are classified by diameter, width, and coarseness (i.e. 1" x 6" 80 grit).
(Metal Working-Power and Stationary Tools) grinder.jpg 
Brake:Used for bending sheet metal.
(Metal Working-Power and Stationary Tools) box brake.jpg 
Aviation Snips:Available in straight, left, or right. Compound action makes cutting easier and the jaws are usually serrated. Also called Compound snips.
(Metal Working-Sheet Metal Tools) snips Straight av.jpg 
Adjustable Trammel Points:The trammel points can be adjusted to any point on the bar.
(Metal Working-Sheet Metal Tools) TrammelPoints.jpg 
Wing Dividers:Divider Tips Are Adjustable By Loosening A Set Screw And Spreading The Tips Apart.
(Metal Working-Sheet Metal Tools) WingDivider.jpg 
Flat Leg Pattern Dividers:Used For Precision Transferring Of Segments From Pattern To Pattern.
(Metal Working-Sheet Metal Tools) PatternDividers.jpg 
Sheet Metal Layout Rule:It also has circumference measurements on the back side.
(Metal Working-Sheet Metal Tools) SheetMetalRule.bmp 
Tin Snip:There are four types available; regular straight snip, curved (left and right) snip, and duckbill snip.
(Metal Working-Sheet Metal Tools) snips Straight.jpg 
Shear:A powered hand tool used for cutting sheet metal up to 12 gauge.
(Metal Working-Sheet Metal Tools) Shear.jpg 
Non-woven Abrasive Pads:A plastic abrasive pad. Non-rusting and washable. Commonly called Scotch-Brite pads (3M brand name).
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) Sctoch Brite.jpg 
Airless Paint Sprayer:No thinning is required and very little over-spray is developed. Uses a positive displacement pump to pump the paint at high pressure.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) AirlessSprayer.jpg 
Paint Brush:Natural bristle brushes are used for oil based paints. Polyester and nylon brushes are used with water based paints. Sizes are commonly found from 1” to 6” widths. Clean immediately after using with solvent appropriate for the type of paint used.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) PaintBrush.jpg 
Dust Masks:This mask is disposable and should not be reused.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) DustMask.jpg 
Sandpaper:Comes in various grits from very fine to very coarse.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) Sandpaper.jpg 
Filter:Used to filter foreign material from paints, particularly those used in paint guns.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) PaintFilter.gif 
Mixing Paddle:Used in an electric drill to stir paint and other liquids.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) PaintBlender.jpg 
Paint Brush:Brushes should be cleaned immediately after painting with a suitable thinner or cleaning agent.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) PaintBrush.jpg 
Steel Wool:Comes is pads or rolls and size is designated by 4/0, 3/0, 2/0, 1/0, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, with 4/0 being the finest and 4 being very coarse.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) Steell Wool .jpg 
Paint Roller And Pan:Special rollers are available for painting corners and trim.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) Paint Roller.jpg 
Putty Knife:Sizes range from 1 inch to 12 inches. Used to apply putty to the window sash to seal the glass. A flexible bladed knife for applying putty and spackle. Stiffer knives can be used for scraping
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) PuttyKnife.jpg 
Glazier Points:The glazier points, triangular pieces of zinc coated metal, are driven into the sash about 6 inches apart to hold the glass in place.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) GlazingPoint.jpg 
Caulking Gun:One to two pound cartridge refills are available in various colors.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) CalkingGun.jpg 
High Volume Low Pressure Sprayer:Similar in design to an compressed air sprayer, but low pressure produces less fine spray, causes less drift, and air pollution.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) HVLP_Sprayer.gif 
Masking Tape:It will adhere to paper, glass, walls and metal and is easily removed.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) MaskingTape.jpg 
Drop Cloth:Disposable cloths are made of paper or plastic and permanent cloths are made of canvas or soft cotton cloth.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) DropCloth.jpg 
Spray Gun:Should be used in a closed area with proper ventilation and good air filtration. Uses compressed air to spray the paint.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) Spraygun.jpg 
Glass Cutter:Pressure applied on the glass from beneath the scratch or tapping gently will cause it to break cleanly along the cutter line.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) GlassCutter.jpg 
Respirator:This filter system is far superior to the dust mask.
(Painting-Painting And Glazing Equipment) Respirator.jpg 
ABS Pipe:Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) pipe used for sewer applications. Pipe is black plastic. ABS fittings are glued like other platic pipe systems. Male and female ends are designated as "spigot" and "hub" respectivally. Elbows are not desugnated by degrees, but ratrher by the part of the circle (ex. 1/4 bend = 90 degrees). Pipe commonly is found in sizes from 1 1/4" to 6" and 20 foot lengths.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-ABS Pipe and) ABSpipe.jpg 
Double Wye Hub:Used for connecting two lines at a 45 degree angle to a straight ABS pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-ABS Pipe and) ABSDoubleWye.jpg 
Female Adaptor-Hub X Female :Used to connect ABS pipe to threaded pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-ABS Pipe and) ABS_FA.jpg 
Long Sweep 1/4 Bend Hub:Used to connect ABS pipe at a 90 degree angle and allows for easy clean out when using a drain auger or plumbers snake to clean out lines.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-ABS Pipe and) ABSQtrBend.jpg 
Male Adaptor-Hub X Male Pipe:Used to connect ABS pipe to female pipe threads.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-ABS Pipe and) ABS_MA.jpg 
P Trap Hub With Union:Liquid is held in the base of the P Trap to prevent the passage of air or gasses.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-ABS Pipe and) ABS_PTrap.jpg 
Wye Hub:Used for attaching a line at a 45 degree angle to a straight line.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-ABS Pipe and) ABS_Wye.jpg 
Adaptor-Spigot X Female Pipe:Used to connect female ABS pipe fitting to male pipe thread. Often used for cleanouts.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-ABS Pipe and) sABSSpigotXFemale.jpg 
Copper Tubing:Flexible tubing used for water applications. Sizes commonly 1/4"-2" O.D. Connections are soldered, flared, or compression type.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperTubing.jpg 
CxC Street Ell:A street ellbow for use the copper fittings. Often used with a C x C Ell to make a odd angle.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperStEll.jpg 
Copper Pipe:Rigid pipe used for water supply plumbing. Sizes commonly 1/2" - 2". Connections are soldered. Copper pipe is available in three basic types: Type M is thin-walled, Type L is medium-walled and Type K is thick-walled.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) copperPipe.jpg 
CxC Coupling:Used to connect two copper pipes together.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperCoupling.jpg 
CxT Female Adapter:Used to adapt to female threads
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperFA.jpg 
CxCxT Tee:Used to connect two copper pipes to a threaded pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperCxCxTTee.jpg 
CxCxC Tee:Used to connect three pieces of copper pipe together.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperTee.jpg 
CxC Union:Used to connect two copper pipes together when neither can be moved.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperUnion.jpg 
CxC Elbow:Comes in 45 and 90 degree angles.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperEll.jpg 
C Cap:Used to stop the flow of liquid or gas in a copper pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperCap.jpg 
CxT Adaptor or Male Adapter:Used to connect copper pipe to threaded pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperMA.jpg 
CxC Reducing Coupling:Used to connect copper pipes of different diameters.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Copper Pipe ) CopperRedCoupling.jpg 
Pipe Joint Compound:Used to seal threaded fittings. May be formulated for use with plastic pipe or steel pipe only.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Misc Plumbin) PipeJointCompound2.jpg 
Plumbers Tape:A galvanized flexible steel tape with holes for screws or nails used to secure plumbing. It is cut to length on the job, wrapped around the pipe and secured with a nail or screw.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Misc Plumbin) PlumbersTape.jpg 
Drain Auger:By rotating the auger while feeding it into the line the auger bit tip cuts away the obstruction in the line.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Misc Plumbin) DrainAugar.jpg 
Pipe Die:Pipe dies should not be used for bolt threading as they are tapered.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) Pipe die.jpg 
Pipe Cutter:Too much pressure on the handle may cause the cutting wheel to break.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) pipe cutter.jpg 
Flaring Tool:Used to make flared ends for soft tempered tubing.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) Flaring Tool.jpg 
Acid Brush:Used for applying pipe joint compound on threaded pipe and tinner’s fluid (acid) or flux on copper pipe for soldering. The handle is tubular sheet metal 3/8 inch in diameter and 6 inches long.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) AcidBrush.jpg 
Pipe or Burring Reamer:This type of reamer is made with bit brace shank, round shank, or “T” handle.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) Pipe Reamer.jpg 
Pipe Tap:Used to cut internal threads in pipe fittings.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) Pipe Tap2.jpg 
Pipe Die Stock:Operates as a ratchet in both directions. Hold the pipe die.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) Pipe threader.jpg 
Tubing Cutter:Used to cut copper and aluminum tubing.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) cutter5.jpg 
PVC Pipe Cutter:This cutter makes smooth clean cuts.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) PVC_Cutter.jpg 
Teflon Tape:Used for sealing threads on metal and PVC pipe and on valves.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) TeflonTape.jpg 
Wire Brush:Used to clean metal parts to be soldered or welded and for cleaning pipe threads.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) CopperFittingBrush.jpg 
Propane Torch:A propane/air torch that developes temperatures suitable for soldering.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) PropaneTorch.jpg 
Pipe Wrench:Adjustable and is used to turn pipe or conduit or round stock. Sizes 6” – 18” in length are common, but can be much larger.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) Pipe Wrench.jpg 
Pipe Vise:Used for holding pipe while cutting and threading.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) pipe vise.jpg 
Solder:It is available in I or 5 pound spools. Lead free solder is used for plumbing of domestic copper pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Plumbing Too) Plumbing_Solder.jpg 
PVC Primer:User to clean and soften PVC pipe before applying cement. Generally recommended for pipe 1" and larger.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVC_Primer.jpg 
SxT Elbow:Used to connect PVC pipe to threaded pipe at a 45 or 90 degree angle.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVC_90ST_Ell.jpg 
SxT Reducer Bushing:Used to connect PVC pipe to a smaller diameter threaded pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVCBushing.jpg 
SxT Street Ell.:Used to connect PVC pipe to threaded pipe at an angle.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVC_90ST_StreetEll.jpg 
Threaded Cap:Used to stop the flow on threaded pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) GalvCap.jpg 
SxS Reducer Bushing:Used to connect PVC pipes of different diameters.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVCBushing.jpg 
Male Adaptor:The PVC slip end is female and the threaded end is male thread.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVCMA.jpg 
SxSxS Tee:Used to connect three pieces of PVC pipe together.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVCTee.jpg 
Compression Coupling:Can be used on steel or PVC pipe. Usually used for repair or temporary connections.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVCCompCoupling.jpg 
SxS Street Ell:Used to connect two pieces of PVC pipe at an angle.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVC_StreetEll.jpg 
PVC Glue:When gluing, apply glue to both the fitting and the pipe, slide the two pieces together and rotate 1/4 turn for good adhesion.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVC_Cement.jpg 
Female Adaptor:Used to connect PVC pipe to threaded pipe, has female ends.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVCFA.jpg 
PVC Pipe:For domestic purposes, sizes range from 1/2 to 2 inch and it comes in 20 foot lengths.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVC_Pipe.jpg 
SxS Elbow:Comes in 45 and 90 degree angles.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVC_90_Ell.jpg 
SxS Coupling:Used to connect two pieces of pipe together in a straight line.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVCCoupling.jpg 
S Cap:Used to stop the flow on PVC pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVCCap.jpg 
SxSxT Tee:Used to connect a straight length of PVC pipe to a threaded pipe at an intersection.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-PVC Pipe And) PVCST_Tee.jpg 
Coupling:It is used to connect two pieces of pipe in a straight line.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvCoupling.jpg 
Cross:It is shaped like a cross and is threaded inside at the four ends.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvCross.jpg 
Hose Clamp:It consists of a circular steel collar with a tightening screw to secure the hose in place.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) hose-clamp.gif 
Cap:Used to screw over the threaded end of a pipe to stop the opening.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvCap.jpg 
90 Degree Elbow:A elbow that changes direction by 90 degrees. Both ends are female threads.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) Galv90Ell.jpg 
Close Nipple:A nipple that is as short as possible (threads touch).
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvCloseNipple.jpg 
Tee:Used to connect lateral branches of a pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvTee.jpg 
Galvanized Pipe:Steel pipe with a galvanized coating to prevent corrosion. It Should Not Be Used In Hydraulic Systems.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvPipe.jpg 
Black Pipe:Pipe lines may be constructed with threaded fittings or may be welded.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvPipe.jpg 
Nipple:Short pieces of threaded pipe, nipples are classified as close, short and medium, or are measured in inches of length.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvNipple.jpg 
Floor Flange:It is a steel flange with female threads in the center and holes drilled on the edge of the flange for bolts or screws.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvFloorFlange.jpg 
45 Degree Elbow:A elbow that changes direction by 45 degrees. Both ends are female threads.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) Galv45Ell.jpg 
Union:A three piece fitting. The center piece is hex shaped to accommodate a wrench and tighten the two outter pieces. Used to join two pipes so they can be easily disconnected or join threaded pipe in the middle of a piping run.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) Union.jpg 
Pipe Plug:The end is square to accommodate a wrench.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvPlug.jpg 
Bushing:One end is hex shaped to receive a wrench.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) GalvBushing.jpg 
Bell Reducer:Similar to a coupling, but changes pipe sizes.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) Bell Reducer.jpg 
Pipe Clamp:For 1/2 to 2 inch pipe.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) PipeClamp.jpg 
Street Ell:An elbow with male thread on one end and female threads on the other. Available in 90 and 45 degree angles.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Steel Pipe a) Street Ell.jpg 
Ball Valve:By rotating the ball with the handle the valve closes or opens.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Valves) BallValve.jpg 
Globe Valve:The flow is stopped when the handle is screwed in, forcing the disk over the vent.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Valves) GlobeValve.gif 
Cock Valve: Used to stop the flow of liquid or gas through a pipe. Also called a Stop Cock
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Valves) GasCock.jpg 
Check Valve:Once liquid has passed through the valve it cannot flow back.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Valves) CheckValve.jpg 
Hose Bib:It has standard pipe threads on one end and hose coupling threads on the other.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Valves) hose_bib.JPG 
Gate Valve:The flow is stopped when the wedge or gate is lowered into the seat.
(Plumbing Tools And Supplies-Valves) Gate Valve.jpg 
Air Pressure Type Grease Gun:It is portable but must be attached to an air line.
(Power Mechanics-Grease Guns And Fittings) PneumaticGreaseGun.jpg 
Lever Type Grease Gun:It is filled by hand, cartridge, or from an air pressure gun.
(Power Mechanics-Grease Guns And Fittings) LeverGreaseGun.jpg 
Zerk Grease Fitting:This fitting will withstand high pressure. The grease gun "snaps on" to the fitting.
(Power Mechanics-Grease Guns And Fittings) Zerk.jpg 
Impact Wrenches:Available in 3/8, 1/2 and ¾ inch drive.
(Power Mechanics-Power Mechanics Tools) ImpactWrench.jpg 
Torque Wrench:Comes in 1/4, 3/8, 1/2, and ¾ inch drives.
(Power Mechanics-Power Mechanics Tools) TorqueWrench.jpg 
Tachometer:Useful for checking speed on tools, machines, and engines.
(Power Mechanics-Power Mechanics Tools) Tach.jpg 
Spark Plug Gauge Set:Usually ranges from .020 to .040 thick wire sizes.
(Power Mechanics-Power Mechanics Tools) SparkGauge.jpg 
Power Timing Light:Operates on 6 or 12 volt DC producing a blue-white flash for reading of timing mark.
(Power Mechanics-Power Mechanics Tools) TimingLight.jpg 
Expansion or Adjustable Reamer: Used for reaming piston pin holes, king pin holes, holes for water pump bushings, valve stem guides and other precision reaming jobs.
(Power Mechanics-Power Mechanics Tools) ExpReamer.jpg 
Compression Gauge :Ranges from 0 to 300 pounds.
(Power Mechanics-Power Mechanics Tools) CompressionGauge.jpg 
Proof Coil Chain:A welded link chain. Chain size is designated by the diameter of the steel used in making the links (e.g.. 3/16"-3/4"). Made from low carbon steel, proof coil is a general utility chain for such uses as tie-down, log chain and assembly tow and switch chain. Available in plain, hot galvanized, and bright zinc finishes.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) ChainProofCoil.jpg 
Sash Chain:Sash Chain is sold by the foot. Used to hang light fixtures, etc.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) ChainSashLink.jpg 
Load or Chain Binder:This devise consists of a handle, two offset links and grab hooks which, when connected to a section of the load-binding chain and the handle pulled, tightens the chain.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) ChainBinder.gif 
Twist Link Chain:Used where the chain must travel easily over something (links don’t get caught).
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) ChainTwistedLink.jpg 
Double Loop Chain:Used for tether chains, swings and hammocks and wherever a light inexpensive chain is needed.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) Chaindbleloop.jpg 
Repair Link:Used to repair a broken chain and for attaching rings and hooks. Also called a Lap Link
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) ChainRepairLink.jpg 
Slip Hook:A round hook used on one end of a log chain to permit it to slip along the chain.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) ChainSlipHook.jpg 
Grab Hook:Grab hooks are designed to hook over a chain link and will hold fast when the chain is tightened.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) chainGrabHook.jpg 
Swivel:It consists of two chain links connected by a riveted pin.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) swivel.jpg 
Clevis or Shackle: Used for fastening an implement to a draw bar for pulling, fastening a tow cable, and for purposes requiring the fastening or securing of machines or materials.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) ChainClevis.jpg 
Winch:A ratcheting device used to tighten a rope or lashing strap.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) winch.jpg 
Lashing Straps:Used for securing loads. Not used for securing heavy equipment. Typical polyester or nylon strap strength is 10,000-20,000 pounds. Smaller straps are available with a built-in winch. Larger straps are designed to be used with winches mounted on the truck bed.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) TieDownStrap.jpg 
Chain Hoist:Sizes are available from 1/2 to 5 ton capacity.
(Rope and Chain-Chains, Lashing Straps, a) ChainHoist.jpg 
Eye Splice:Used to make a permanent loop in a laid (twisted) rope.
(Rope and Chain-Knots, Hitches, and Splic) Eye Splice.jpg 
Bowline:A knot for making a loop
(Rope and Chain-Knots, Hitches, and Splic) knot6.jpg 
Sheet Bend:A knot for joining ropes of different diameters
(Rope and Chain-Knots, Hitches, and Splic) knot4.jpg 
Square Knot:A common knot for joining two ropes
(Rope and Chain-Knots, Hitches, and Splic) knot5.jpg 
Clove Hitch:A hitch used to secure a rope to a hook.
(Rope and Chain-Knots, Hitches, and Splic) knot3.jpg 
Trucker's Hitch:A hitch used for securing a load
(Rope and Chain-Knots, Hitches, and Splic) truckers_hitch.gif 
Rope Thimble: Used to protect the eye in a rope or cable.
(Rope and Chain-Rope) RopeThimble.jpg 
Wire Rope Clamps:There are two types, the “U” bolt with cleat and the bolt clamp.
(Rope and Chain-Rope) WireRopeClamp.jpg 
Cotton Rope:Cotton ropes are soft but the weakest of the natural fiber ropes.
(Rope and Chain-Rope) Cotton.jpg 
Nylon Rope:Maybe manufactured as a laid (twisted) rope or a braided rope. Stronger and more expensive then poly rope. Braided rope does not have individual strands therefore it is not suited for hand braiding.
(Rope and Chain-Rope) rope4.jpg 
Wire Rope:To coil or uncoil, roll the rope like a steel hoop.
(Rope and Chain-Rope) wireRope.jpg 
Twisted Polypropylene Rope:Keep away from flames and hot metal, it will melt or solidify and break easily. Also called trucker's rope which is generally black with an orange stripe.
(Rope and Chain-Rope) rope5.jpg 
Manila Rope:This is a laid (twisted) and comes in three and four strands. A natural fiber, manila is stronger than cotton, but weaker than the synthetic ropes.
(Rope and Chain-Rope) rope2.jpg 
Solid Welding Wire Electrode:Identified in a similar manner as SMAW rod . For example ER-70S-4. Solid wire is classified in a ER means it is an electrode, 70 is tensile strength, S means it is solid wire, 4 is type of shielding gas. Shield Gases: 2. C02A-O,A-C02, 3. C02A-O,A-C02, 4. CO2, 5. CO2, 6. C02A-O, 7. C02A-O,A-C02 and C02=Carbon Dioxide, C02A-O=Carbon Dioxide, Argon and Oxygen, A-CO2 = Argon and CO2
(Welding-Arc Welding Electrodes) GMAWElectrode.jpg 
Hard Facing Electrode:Hard facing rod is not classified by a numbering system. Each manufacturer has their own nomenclature for their particular rod.
(Welding-Arc Welding Electrodes) HardFacingElectrode.jpg 
Tublar Wire Electrode:Tubular electrode (e.g. E-70T-L) is flux cored., and the last number is position and usability capabilities, as no gas is required for tubular flux cored rod. See Solid Welding Wire Electrode. Also called innershield wire since the shielding flux is "inside".
(Welding-Arc Welding Electrodes) GMAWElectrode.jpg 
SMAW Electrode:Electrode used in the SMAW process for example E-6010. E meaning it is an electrode, 60 means it has a tensile strength of 60,000 PSI, 1 indicates welding in all positions, 0 indicates the coating to be cellulose sodium and the welding current is DCEP or direct current electrode positive
(Welding-Arc Welding Electrodes) SMAWelectrode.jpg 
Tungsten Electrode:Non-consumable electrode used for GTAW process welding.
(Welding-Arc Welding Electrodes) TungElectrode.jpg 
Electrode Holder:Connected to the welding cable and holds the electrode for SMAW process welding.
(Welding-Arc Welding Tools) welding12.jpg 
Plasma Cutter:Uses an arc and compressed gas to create a plasma stream for cutting and gouging of ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
(Welding-Arc Welding Tools) plasma-cutter.jpg 
Leather Gloves:Gauntlet style gloves are recommended.
(Welding-Arc Welding Tools) welding9.jpg 
Chipping Hammer:One end of the head is shaped with a blunt point, and the other end is shaped like a cold chisel. Also called Slag hammer,
(Welding-Arc Welding Tools) welding10.jpg 
Gas Regulator:Used with GMAW and GTAW to control the flow of shielding gas.
(Welding-Arc Welding Tools) gasRegulator.jpg 
Arc Welder Power Supply:Converts AC power to welding current. SMAW and GTAW processes use constant current power supplies and GMAW processes use constant voltage power supplies.
(Welding-Arc Welding Tools) ArcWelder.jpg 
Ground Clamp:Used to connect one of the cable leads from the welding machine to the welding table or the material being welded so as to make a complete circuit.
(Welding-Arc Welding Tools) welding11.jpg 
GMAW wire feed:Used with a constant voltage power supply and a gas source (e.g. carbon dioxide, argon) for GMAW process.
(Welding-Arc Welding Tools) MIG_Gun.jpg 
GTAW Torch:Holds a non-consumable electrode and directs shielding gas to the weld.
(Welding-Arc Welding Tools) TigTorch.jpg 
Welding Helmet:A colored lens filters out harmful light rays. Len shades
(Welding-Arc Welding Tools) welding7.jpg 
Spot Welder:Used for welding sheet metal.
(Welding-Other Welding Equipment) SpotWelder.jpg 
Heating Tip:A tip with multiple orifices used to for heating metal usually for bending. Also called a rosebud.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools)  
Oxygen Regulator:The threads on the hose connector are right hand. Commonly a two stage regulator.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) OxyReg.jpg 
Tip Cleaner:It consists of several needle-like round files of different sizes.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) TipCleaner.jpg 
Copper Coated Mild Steel :Available in 1/16 to 3/16 inch diameter and 36 inches long.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) CopperClad.jpg 
Flux Coated Brazing Rod:Generally available in 1/8 inch diameter rod.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) BrazingRod.jpg 
Cutting Torch:It consists of valves for mixing oxygen and acetylene, and a valve lever attached to the torch handle to release oxygen which does the cutting.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) CuttingTorch.gif 
Welding Goggles: Used to protect the eyes from harmful rays and from spatter when using the welding torch.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) welding8.jpg 
Acetylene Regulator:The threads on the hose connector are left hand.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) AcetReg.bmp 
Brazing Rod:Available in1/16 to 3/16 inch diameter and 36 inches long.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) BrazingRod2.jpg 
Welding Tip:The tips come in various sizes.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) WeldingTip.jpg 
Cutting Tip:The larger center hole is for pure oxygen to oxidize or cut the metal.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) CuttingTip.jpg 
Torch Handle:Quite often called a torch butt.
(Welding-Oxyacetylene Welding Tools) GasTorchHandle.jpg 
Forstner Bit:A power bit for drilling flat bottomed holes in wood. Commonly found in sizes 3/8-2 inch.
(Woodworking-Boring Tools (Wood)) Forstner.jpg 
Spade Bit:A wood boring bit with a hex shaft to be used in a power hand drill or drill press.
(Woodworking-Boring Tools (Wood)) SpadeBit.jpg 
Expansive Bit:The shank is a square taper, adapted for the bit brace.
(Woodworking-Boring Tools (Wood)) ExpansiveBit.jpg 
Auger Bit:The straight round shank adapted for power drills.
(Woodworking-Boring Tools (Wood)) AugerBit.jpg 
Hole Saw:Hole saws come in sizes from ¾ to 2 1/2 inches and one mandrel fits all.
(Woodworking-Boring Tools (Wood)) HoleSaw.jpg 
Utility Knife:A sharp knife for cutting drywall, roofing felt, etc.
(Woodworking-Construction) UtilityKnife.jpg 
Drywall Trowel:A flexible trowel for applying drywall compound and tapping.
(Woodworking-Construction) Drywall taping knife.jpg 
Drywall Saw:A tapered hand saw for cutting drywall.
(Woodworking-Construction) drywall saw.jpg 
Straight Claw Hammer:The hammer head is the same as a curved claw hammer, but the claw is nearly straight. Weight 16-28 oz. Head may be smooth or serrated. Also called a Ripping hammer.
(Woodworking-Hammers (Wood)) Straight Claw Hammer.jpg 
Shingler’s Hatchet:It has a gauge that can be adjusted for the desired shingle exposure and has a nail pulling slot in the back and above the cutting edge.
(Woodworking-Hammers (Wood)) SingleHatchet.jpg 
Curved Claw Hammer :Used for driving and puling nails. Face is commonly rounded for finish work. Weight 13-16 oz.
(Woodworking-Hammers (Wood)) CurvedClawHammer1.jpg 
Mallet:Heads are made of wood, plastic, rawhide and rubber. Also called a Soft Headed Hammer.
(Woodworking-Hammers (Wood)) Mallet.jpg 
Tack Hammer:One side of the head is magnetic and used for starting short tacks.
(Woodworking-Hammers (Wood)) Tack hammer.jpg 
Smooth Plane:Sizes range from 5 1/2 to 10 inches long and 1 1/4 to 2 3/8 inches wide.
(Woodworking-Planes And Similar Tools) Smoothing Plane.jpg 
Jack Plane:Planing should be done with the grain of the wood. Note tail behind the handle.
(Woodworking-Planes And Similar Tools) Jack plane.jpg 
Block Plane:Sizes range form 5 1/2 to 7 inches long and 1 3/8 to 1 5/8 inches wide. Used to plane the end of a board.
(Woodworking-Planes And Similar Tools) block plane.jpg 
Belt Sander:Sands or cuts using a sanding belt. Used for course sanding of large surfaces.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) Belt Sander.jpg 
Circular Saw:Primarily used for cutting wood, however many blades types are available for cutting sheet metal, metal, stone, and various other products. Available as a direct drive or worm drive.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) power7.jpg 
Planer:Used for planing wood surfaces. A portable power version of a hand plane.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) Planer.jpg 
Screwdriver:Comes in many shapes and sizes. These power tools are battery or AC powered, reversible, and variable speed. They are commonly used for dry wall or decking installation. Many models also have a high speed range for drilling.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) Cordless Drill.jpg 
Jig Saw:Many variations of blades are available for cutting wood, plastics, and other soft materials. Also called a Saber Saw
(Woodworking-Power Tools) Jig Saw.jpg 
Router:Depth of cut is adjustable. Used to shape wood (ex. round the edge of a board).
(Woodworking-Power Tools) Router.jpg 
Electric Drill:Many models are variable speed.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) Portable Drill.jpg 
Finishing Sander:Sands by a vibrating action.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) Palm Sander.jpg 
Reciprocating Saw:Similar to the jig saw but much larger and used for heavy duty work.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) RecipSaw.jpg 
Nail Gun:Nails are fed automatically from a loading chamber and are dispensed by pulling the trigger.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) Nailer.jpg 
Miter Saw:The saw pivots on the miter box for various angles.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) spower3.jpg 
Circular Saw Blade:The size is determined by the diameter of the blade.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) Circular Saw Blade.jpg 
Disc Sander:A stationary power tool with a 6-12 inch sanding disc.
(Woodworking-Power Tools) DiscSander.jpg 
Hand Cross Cut Saw:The standard length is 26 inches. Typically 8-12 teeth/inch.
(Woodworking-Saws And Accessories) hand saw.jpg 
Back Saw:This saw should be used in a horizontal position.
(Woodworking-Saws And Accessories) back saw.jpg 
Keyhole or Compass Saw:Used for sawing curves, especially where the cut must be started from a hole bored with an auger bit.
(Woodworking-Saws And Accessories) compass saw.jpg 
Hand Rip Saw:The edges of the teeth are not beveled, but are shaped like chisels. Typically 4-7 teeth/inch.
(Woodworking-Saws And Accessories) hand saw.jpg 
Coping Saw:The blade is installed to cut on the pull stroke.
(Woodworking-Saws And Accessories) coping saw.jpg 
Table Saw:A stationary saw used primarily for ripping lumber and sheet materials.
(Woodworking-Stationary Power Tools) Table Saw.jpg 
Drill Press:A stationary drill.
(Woodworking-Stationary Power Tools) Drill Press.jpg 
Radial Arm Saw:A saw designed to cross cut and rip with the ability or cut compound angles.
(Woodworking-Stationary Power Tools) radialArm.jpg 
Band Saw:Used for making curved cuts in wood or metal.
(Woodworking-Stationary Power Tools) Bandsaw.jpg 
Pressure Treated Lumber:Generally fir species that is treated to resist decay. Green in color.
(Woodworking-Wood) PressureTreated.jpg 
Cedar:Known for its resistance to decay. Used for fencing.
(Woodworking-Wood) Cedar.jpg 
Oriented Strand Board (OSB):Primarily made from wood chips. Used for shear walls and roof sheeting
(Woodworking-Wood) wood11.jpg 
Particle Board:Primarily made from sawdust. Used for subfloor where shear strength is not needed.
(Woodworking-Wood) Particle.jpg 
Plywood:Composed of layers of wood sheets with the grain of each sheet glued at right angles. Very strong. Used for flooring, roof sheeting, and shear walls. Comes in various grades denoted by letters. A=best, D=worst. For example AC would be A on one side and C on the other. Plywood can be designated as interior or exterior depending on the type of glue used in its manufacture.
(Woodworking-Wood) Plywood.jpg 
Douglass Fir:Used primarily for structural framing. Very strong.
(Woodworking-Wood) DougFir.jpg 
Redwood:Known for its resistance to decay. Used for landscaping, decking, etc.
(Woodworking-Wood) Redwood.jpg 
Oak:A hardwood used for cabinets and similar applications. The grain is very distinctive. May be used as a solid wood or as a veneer on plywood or particle board.
(Woodworking-Wood) Oak.jpg 
Birch:A hardwood used for cabinets, door veneer, and similar applications. May be used as a solid wood or as a veneer on plywood or particle board.
(Woodworking-Wood) Birch.jpg 
Surform Tool:A tool like a wood rasp with a replaceable cutter. Available in flat, round, and half round shapes.
(Woodworking-Woodworking Tools) surform tool.jpg 
Nail Puller:A pair of jaws is driven into the wood below the nail head by impact action of the handle.
(Woodworking-Woodworking Tools) NailPuller.jpg 
Wood Rasp:Other rasps are 4-in-hand and horse rasps.
(Woodworking-Woodworking Tools) WoodRasp.jpg 
Cat's Paw:A tool used to pull nails
(Woodworking-Woodworking Tools) CatsPaw.jpg 
Hand Screw Clamp:The wooden handles are mounted on opposite sides of the jaws.
(Woodworking-Woodworking Tools) clamp6.jpg 
Nail Set:The point has a slight hollow at the end.
(Woodworking-Woodworking Tools) NailSet.jpg 
Wood Chisel:It is sharpened only on one side to a 25 or 30 degree angle and may be used with or across the grain.
(Woodworking-Woodworking Tools) Wood Chisel.bmp